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•    Erect biennial herb 60-90cm high
•    Rosettes have multiple egg-shaped leaves up to 30cm long
•    Flowers mostly purple, 5 petals fused to a trumpet shape
•    Seeds brown to grey, three-sided, wrinkled and pitted
•    Stems are covered with stiff hairs

Flowering Times

•    Spring to summer

Control Measure

•    Herbicides – rosette stage preferred
•    Biological
•    Management – pasture improvement


•    Highly invasive – up to 30,000 seeds per m²
•    Seeds spread by water, sticking to wool and fur of animals
•    Can cause hayfever and skin irritation in humans
•    Toxic to some stock

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