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•    Erect perennial shrub to 3m
•    Leaves alternate, to 12cm long, produce unpleasant odour when crushed
•    Flowers are yellowish-green, tubular, clustered at branch ends
•    Fruit are green oval berries that turn purplish-black when ripe

Flowering Times

•    Throughout the year

Control Measure

•    Herbicides – most effective method
•    Physical – difficult as reshooting and suckering often occurs


•    Extremely toxic to stock – especially cattle
•    Invasive, suckering and spreading when disturbed
•    Seeds spread by birds and water
•    Seed viability rate high

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